great dane portrait
Before many thousands of years big and strong dogs had been breeded. This dogs not only had to defend their master, herds and farm. They had to prove in fight against bears, wolfs and wild boars. Near all nations, Assyrian, Persian, Greek, Roman, Celt and German gave us potrayals of big dogs. In early roman age molosses had kept as powerful battle dogs.
In Germany in the Middle Ages the powerful dogs near exclusive kept by nobility in big packs. They called "Bärenfänger", "Saupacker", "Hatzrüden" aund "Bullenbeißer" what infer to purpose use of them at that time. Until end of the 18th century for example in Dessau country (Germany) every year between 800 and 2000 boars were hunted with help of danes. In the Year 1820 in whole country not 100 boars were found. (found in an old book about dogs races in Germany in the 19th century).
In many sections of Germany boar hunting had ended at the beginning of the 19th century. The "Bullenbeißer" were only knowing by their name and the english danes from the nobility hunting houses and kennels changed to privat owners. The german "Bullenbeißer" total disappeared. But the english danes were breeded numerous as luxury dogs, most in country Württemberg in Ulm and invirons.
The name "Dogge" comesfrom the english word dog. The english breeder had refined the thousands of years old protection dogs and created breeds today we knowing as "Doggen". In Germany this breeds had different names. There were the "Ulmer Dogge", because people in Württemberg rendered a great kontribution in holding of the strong dogs. In other sections of Germany they called "Dänische Dogge" (great dane), this name is actual until today in France ("Grand Danois") and all english speeking countrys ("Great Dane"). Why this name was created is unknown. The Danes didn't do much in breeding and refining in these race.
In front of breeding these race with many success, in 1878 in Berlin a committee of 7 people, consists in engaged breeders and breeing judgemen with chairmanship of Dr. Bodinus took the resolution that all name variants are unite in the name "Deutsche Dogge". This was the foundation of an own german dog race.
In 1880 in opportunity of a dog show in Berlin first time the standardisation for the race Deutsche Dogge was commited. At 12th of January in 1888 the "Deutsche Doggen-Club" (DDC) was founded in Berlin. Since foundation of the DDC this club is risponsible for the race standard, which is repeated changed. The race standard corresponds to handicaps of Fédération Cynologique Internationale (F.C.I.).
In 1897 the first breeding book was published by the DDC. Until today the Deutsche Doggen-Club 1888 e.V. (DDC) is leading the breeding book for all danes breeding under his name and is risponsible for the race standard.
The Deutsche Dogge completes in his totality big, strong and pleasing build pride, strength and elegance. Her substance in addition with nobility, harmony of his outward appearance, a well proportioned line leading and the very expressive head for the observer she seems to be a nobility statue. She's the "Apoll" under all dog races.
The body is near square. Males high is 80 cm at least, females high is 72 cm at least. Danes are friendly, lovely and clinging to their owner, special to children. Against foreigners she'll be little bit reserved. She's a self-confident, unfrighten, easy leading and quick to learning family and companion dog with high stimulus threshold without aggressive behaviour.
The ears are since 1987 hanging, middle big and laying in attention with the front border on the cheek. The dane has a short, solid, thick and shining fur. Fur cleaning therefore is simple. Danes are breeding in 5 colours and 3 variations.
The 3 variations:
The five colours:
The actual standard of Danes is registered under
F.C.I.-Standard Nr. 235/10.04.2002/D
Verwendung: Begleit-, Wach- und Schutzhund.
F. C. I. - Klassifikation:
Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer, Molossoide, Schweizer Sennenhunde and other races
Section 2.I: Molossoide, doggenartige Hunde ohne Arbeitsprüfung